Mature Life Features

Cecil Scaglione, Editor

Archive for the ‘Finance’ Category

Find Someone to Trust for Your Trust

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

Finding one or more trustees for your trust presents both emotional and economic problems.

Do you want someone in the family to handle all the responsibilities and conditions outlined in the trust that you, and your spouse and your attorney agonized over? Or do you feel more comfortable putting all this work in the hands of an impersonal professional?

Trusts are merely tools to help you with taxes and planning for the distribution of your estate. The costs and fees for preparing and managing a trust vary widely. So shop around.

You’ll need to talk to an attorney. He or she will probably prepare the trust with you. And you can name the attorney a trustee if you and he/she agree. More than likely you will name one or two friends or family members as the main trustees. Some financial experts suggest you name an “outsider” as a backup trustee. This can be your attorney, a brokerage firm, your financial consultant, a mutual fund, or your bank.

There should be provisions in your trust to replace a trustee whot may become too expensive or doesn’t perform his or her job according to the terms of the document. There also should be provisions allowing you or the beneficiaries of the trust to move to another state.

The trustee(s) you name can hire their own experts to help manage the trust. These duties include the responsibility of distributing the assets to beneficiaries, investing assets according to instructions in the trust, filing tax returns,  and any other paper work.

Most institutions set the minimum trust size they will handle. Before you begin shopping around for an institutional trustee, discuss the matter with your attorney, accountant, people you know who have appointed such trustees, and with the individuals you have named or plan to name as trustees of your assets.

Mature Life Features. Copyright 2003

Written by Cecil Scaglione

January 11, 2012 at 12:05 am

Financial Planning Akin to Root Canal

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

If you think preparing and maintaining a financial plan is akin to a visiting your dentist, you’re in a big club.

More than 80 percent of Americans hate or only do financial planning because they have to, like cleaning the garage or the toilet bowl, according to a nationwide NFO Research Inc. survey of 1,000 adults aged 19 – 64.

More than half said they don’t feel confident about making good decisions, don’t understand numbers, or are afraid of what they might find if they examine their financial picture too closely.

“It’s hard to feel confident in your ability to manage your finances if you feel like you don’t make enough money,” said Randy Schuldt, a vice- president with IHate-FinancialPlanning.com, a website designed for people who dread financial planning. The survey was conducted by his firm.

Rather than shut down your economic engine, the company suggested you prepare for you financial future just as you would for a cross-country trip.

Just as you wouldn’t leave on such a trip without a road map, you should prepare and maintain a household budget to track daily spending, saving, and investing, and a financial plan to map out long-term financial goals.

Fifty percent of Americans maintain a household budget and only slightly more balance their checkbooks monthly, according to survey results, and more than 65 percent have never worked with a financial planner.

We hire plumbers, electricians, and auto mechanics to handle complicated repair problems but avoid seeing a financial professional to help with one of the most important aspects of our lives –  finances, according to company spokepeople..

Survey figures present a rather bleak picture. Almost 20 percent of the respondents said they never learned how to do financial planning. Less than 5 percent actually took a course or seminar on the subject. The remainder said they learned about financial planning on their own by watching their parents or television, reading books and magazine articles, or from a friend or sibling.

Thirty percent said their parents never talked to them about money.

The survey revealed it often takes a serious life-altering event, such as a job-loss, having a baby, winning a lottery, or sending the children to college, to make people focus on their finances.

The purpose of financial planning, Holman said, is to reduce the stress in such situations.

While many Americans try to save money, they sabotage their efforts with too much debt and not investing in the best financial vehicles.

Almost a quarter of the survey respondents admitted they had too much credit-card debt, 14 percent do not have any money saved anywhere, and 12 percent are not putting anything away for retirement despite the fact that more than half said they’ll need at least $1 million for retirement.

Less than half contribute to a retirement account at work and 30 percent save money, whether its in coins or dollars or in a cookie jar at home — about the same amount that invest in stocks.

To curb the amount spent, nine out of 10 respondents said they clip coupons, 70 percent eat leftovers, and 60 percent buy items only when they’re on sale. What do they spend their money on? The number one financial pleasure is eating out, followed by spending too much on holiday gifts, and splurging on clothes.

Mature Life Features, Copyright 2003

 

 

Written by Cecil Scaglione

November 28, 2011 at 12:05 am

Posted in Finance

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‘Tis the holiday season …

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… better known as “It’s Debt Time of Year Again.” 

— Cecil Scaglione, Mature Life Features

Written by Cecil Scaglione

November 8, 2011 at 12:05 am

Posted in A Musing, Finance

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Beware of Greeks …

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… receiving gifts, to apply a present-day twist to an ancient adage.

Instead of disarming their foes with the legendary gift of a large wooden Trojan horse, their leader turns his back on a bailout by their friends in the European Union and threatens to topple the entire global economy.

— Cecil Scaglione, Mature Life Features

 

Written by Cecil Scaglione

November 3, 2011 at 12:05 am

Posted in Finance

Lean Financial Times Fatten Scam Artists

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

 

 

Uncertain economic times are playtimes for con artists.
While the crooks are around all the time, they feast on the fear and greed that grips everyone when the stock market goes south, pensions shrink, and investment portfolios get sucked dry. Add other types of events such as flailing governments, terrorism, and natural disasters that  include hurricanes, floods, and droughts that are fallow financial fields for scam artists.
There is no official estimate of how much money is bilked from Americans each year by a variety of crooked schemes, but most experts agree that it spirals into the billions of dollars.
In the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks involving four U.S. airliners that killed some 3,000 Americans, the number of sleazy schemes multiplied. They all sounded full of promise.
In North Dakota, investors were milked of more than $2 million by a small group of salespeople linked with a local pastor who used religious and family ties to assure the victims they could achieve financial returns up to 300 percent. They were promised access to investment secrets of the world’s elite banks and their portfolios.
Schemers also preyed with victims in Indiana, where some 20 elderly investors were bilked of $1.4 million in a promissary-note scam. The folks were promised returns up to 12 percent on their money. Instead, it was funneled into off-shore bank accounts used by the perpetrators to subsidize a high-flying life style.
Also rampant are liars who laud little-known stocks with the expert assurances that they are bound to increase in value when the dust settles after these disastrous times end.
The biggest target for all these wolves are seniors.
Another sleazy scheme involves a referral from someone you know who already has made money on what he or she is about to recommend to you. All you have to do is come up with $20,000 or $30,000 and double it in a month or so.
The catch, you’re told, is that it’s not quite legal because it’s a tax dodge. The money will be used to buy high-ticket automobiles in a foreign country and bring them into the United States without paying import duties.
You feel comfortable because you’ve been given all the inside information you need. And your friend made money on this already. What you don’t know – and your friend may not realize, either, if he or she goes for the proposal again – is that the original deal was the “come-on.” That was the bait to lure you, and others, into the scheme.
This time, the crook will come back with some problems. One scenario is that the scam artist will report the vehicle, or vehicles, were stopped at the border and everyone involved in the deal has to come up with another $5,000 or $10,000 to pay taxes and penalties. Then he may come back for more money, claiming the truck driver needs a lawyer you’re going to have to pay for or the driver’s going to implicate you.
You’re relief may come in the form of an explanation that your money is gone but the trucker isn’t going to talk so you have no tax worries. That way, you drop the whole matter and forget the loss.
Because you feel you’ve been part of an illicit and illegal deal, you don’t go to the police or the government. These crooks are free to feast on another group of fiscal “fish.”
There are variations of this con, ranging from scalping tickets for concerts and sporting events to fencing stolen goods.
Another insidious scheme that lures seniors is the work-at-home scam. The crook convinces you there are ways to make money by working at home. Legal analysts can tell you the crooks make more than $30 million a year in this scam.
Victims usually are the elderly who need to supplement their fixed retirement income.
The prevalent schemes require victims to buy something up front – some materials, a manual to follow, or a mailing list – at prices as low as $40 or so.
The problem, of course, is that what you purchased may not be worth a cent. For example, the mailing list probably is old and already has been sold to hundreds, or thousands, of other people. Or the company from whom you bought the envelope-stuffing program may only pay you for recruiting other envelope-stuffers.
If you buy some material to make handicraft articles at home, you probably will never get a penny because you’ll be told that the results of your work don’t meet the company’s standards.
There are a couple of simple rules to follow if you’d like to avoid getting conned.
One is, if it costs money up front, it’s probably not a good idea.
Two is, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is too good to be true.
And then remember the words of W.C. Fields, who covered both sides of this matter. In one breath he said, “Never give a sucker an even break.” And then he said, “You can’t cheat an honest man.”

Mature Life Features Copyright 2003

Written by Cecil Scaglione

September 24, 2011 at 12:05 am

Making a Will Won’t Kill You

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

   If you want to get even with your kids, don’t make a will.
Let them squabble over your savings and stuff while they’re being scolded by your surviving spouse. But despite any spite you may feel toward your family  — you can make a will bequeathing your estate to your favorite pet, if you wish — you should prepare documents to prevent the government from snatching a chunk of your estate.
Taking some estate-planning steps ensures that your assets go to whom you wish after your demise rather than leaving the decision up to the courts. This also slashes much of the legal costs that linger after you’re gone if you’ve made no plans for your estate.
The basic document is a will. This avoids leaving the disposition of your financial assets and
memorabilia to chance. You should choose an executor to process and administer the terms of your final testament. You also can name a guardian to handle the financial legacy for any under-age grandchildren named in your will.
Preparing a will can be done as easily as writing one out by hand on notebook paper with your signature and without a witness or notary. Stationery stores have handy-dandy write-your-own-will forms that allow for signatures of two witnesses after completion.
There’s plenty of assistance available in your local library and on the Internet if you don’t want to
take on the expense of an attorney or proceed to more detailed estate-planning processes. While
estate planning is highly recommended whether you’re 25 or 75, you should at least write a will.

Mature Life Features, Copyright 2003

Written by Cecil Scaglione

September 14, 2011 at 12:05 am

Posted in Finance

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Inept Financial Planner as Bad as a Crooked One

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By Cecil Scaglione         

Mature Life Features

Financial losses perpetrated by crooked, self-serving, and inept financial planners have been estimated to total at least $1 billion a year in this country. Retirees account for the bulk of this loss.

That means it’s up to you to establish, maintain and monitor open lines of communication with the financial experts with whom you deal, including your tax preparer, stock broker, financial planner, accountant, insurance agent, and attorney.

It’s unfair to assume any of these are out to defraud you. It’s also unrealistic to expect any or all of them to be professional or prescient enough to assure you of the safest and surest financial road to the future. In other words, you have to assume responsibility for your own wealth and welfare.

Most retirement income is commonly likened to a three-legged stool. One leg is Social Security.Another is made of company pensions. The third comprises personal savings and investments. You have the most control over the last. And this is where you need the most help from financial planners. Unfortunately, there is no sure way to seek and select such consultants who are competentand trustworthy.

Referrals, therefore, are probably your best source. Check with your colleagues and neighbors and relatives and then do your own background checks of the names  you get. You can simplify your search if you know your retirement needs. The rule of thumb is that you need an amount equal to 70 percent of your pre-retirement earnings to maintain your standard of living when you no longer are working.

Social Security has been paying an average of 40 percent of pre-retirement income. If your employer’s pension plan pays out an almost similar amount, then you should have little to worry about, other than the fact that the fund could dry up. If your company plan falls short — or if you have no retirement income coming from employers because you may have changed jobs a few times — you have to establish alternative sources of income to supplement your anticipated Social Security checks. There are many investment avenues to explore: individual retirement accounts, 401(k) programs, profit-sharing plans, annuities, the stock market, investment clubs, mutual funds, insurance trusts, and real estate, to mention a few.

If you haven’t taken any fiscal steps on your own, you’re part of a large club. More than half of Americans have not put aside any money for retirement. At the same time, the need for more retirement income is growing because the average worker now lives about two decades after retiring. So, armed with the knowledge of what you’ll need if you quit working at 65, you can then search for a financial planner who understands your needs and your situation and is willing to listen to your thinking to help position yourself in the most secure financial niche available.

You’ll also recognize more readily whether he or she is more interested in generating transactions (and commissions) for himself or herself, is a sleazy scam artist, or just plain lazy.  It’s never too late to begin this process. Even if you’re already retired. There’s plenty of free information and advice on the Internet to get you started.

Mature Life Features, Copyright 2002

Written by Cecil Scaglione

September 7, 2011 at 12:05 am

Tax Audit Needn’t be a 4-letter Word

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

If you’ve been audited by the Internal Revenue Service, you know it can be a traumatic test.

If you haven’t been, there are some simple steps to take to alleviate much of the pain and panic.

The first thing to do is make certain you have documentation supporting all your income and expenses: receipts, canceled checks, and bank, credit-card and dividend statements, for example. If you haven’t started yet, now’s as good a time as any. The IRS never sleeps.

Keep these records for at least three years, which is the normal period the IRS has to audit your tax return. However, it has up to six years to challenge your return if it thinks you have under-reported your income. You need the documentation to prove them wrong. If you didn’t file a return for any time period or filed a fraudulent one, you’re subject to an audit at any time.

Your state (and your city, if it has an income tax) have time-expiration dates that may differ. If you file tax returns in another country, add those expiration dates to your calendar and make certain you keep tax records long enough so you don’t get caught without documentation if your return is questioned.

The IRS treats everyone equally: you’re guilty until you prove your innocence.

That’s why a letter from the IRS can send shivers through anybody who receives one. The first rule here is, don’t ignore it. Most notices include a deadline for responses and the IRS will expect to hear from you by that date.

If you have a tax-preparer, take the IRS notification to him or her immediately. If you don’t have a tax preparer and the IRS is requesting additional information, make copies of the necessary documents and send them to the agency right away.

Even after the challenge limit expires, it’s a good idea to keep your tax returns for a few years extra, along with such documents as your year-end mortgage and investment-portfolio statements. It’s best to have on hand all records for assets you still own, ranging from your house to automobile to major appliances and jewelry. Financial planners report that their clients’ biggest tax error is poor record-keeping.

Your chances of being audited by the IRS are small, but there is no need to gamble. If you don’t maintain your records and if the IRS asks for more information than you have kept, the agency is going to assume that you tossed them out for a reason — that you may be hiding something.

 

 

Written by Cecil Scaglione

August 29, 2011 at 8:41 pm

Stress Is Part of Inheritance

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By Cecil Scaglione

Mature Life Features

Most people have some idea what they’d do with a financial windfall.

Take a cruise around the world, pay off the mortgage, or move to another part of the world. But then what? It isn’t easy becoming wealthy overnight.

It was estimated during the ’90s that current retirees will pass on some $10 trillion dollars to their baby-boomer heirs.

Many of the people inheriting this money have little concept of the challenges they face.

The first, of course, is what to do with the money. Do you put that $10,000, $100,000 or $1 million into the stock market or real estate? Do you sell the company or farm you inherited? Do you keep all the stocks, bonds, and mutual funds in the portfolio that suddenly becomes your property?

Most financial planners offer this piece of advice: don’t do anything for a while.

That’s more difficult than it sounds. An Oppenheimer Funds survey revealed that 40 percent of baby boomers who had already received at least a $50,000 inheritance made a financial decision in less than a week after getting the money.

Inheriting a family business or apartment building will require more immediate attention than a stock portfolio. But that’s no reason to make any rash decisions.

Whatever the form of the inheritance, you should focus on what you want to do with the money. Do you invest it for retirement income, pay debts, or make charitable donations, for example?

Establishing goals will help you manage the money better.

While the financial side requires patience and some effort to educate yourself on the best avenues to follow, the emotional side of inheriting is the more difficult challenge.

The inheritance may be intertwined with the death of a loved one and, as a result, associated with grief.

Guilt is another major emotional component of an inheritance, financial planners point out, linked to the feeling that the heir is uncomfortable with not having earned the money. Or he or she might not have been fond of the benefactor.

There’s also a feeling of isolation tied to inheriting money as the recipients often worry, with good reason, about friends and family badgering them for loans or gifts.

It’s the emotional stress that causes some folks to get rid of their inheritance as quickly as possible, by disclaiming it or giving it away or just spending it as fast as they can.

On the other hand, people who have taken time to plan what to do with an inheritance have been known to sit on their wealth and continue living in their current lifestyles with the comfortable assurance that their financial future is secure.

 

 

Written by Cecil Scaglione

August 16, 2011 at 8:32 pm